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Thursday, 22 September 2016



DATE:                        Oct 6, 2016 (Thurs)

Time:                           5.30 - 7.30pm ( Tea at the CafĂ© Bacteria from 4.30pm till 5.15pm)

Venue:                         BAC PJ Campus (Actual room will be confirmed soon)

PANEL:                      - Datuk Kuthubul Zaman (PROHAM Chairman)

                                    - Representative from the Election Commission (Invited)

                                    - YB Dr Ong Kian Meng (Member of Parliament)

- Dr Wong Chin Huat, (Penang Institute)

Moderator:                  Datuk Dr Denison Jayasooria (PROHAM Secretary General)

Participation by Registration by Oct 5, 2016:

Wednesday, 21 September 2016


PROHAM notes with concern the recent proposals by the Election Commission (EC) in its proposed redelineation exercise which the EC announced recently which has implications for 12 parliamentary and 34 state seats. There is a public outcry on this matter and expressions of distrust from different sections of the political divide.

PROHAM reiterates that the exercise of redelineation of constituencies is a fundamental process in parliamentary democracy and that this exercise must be publically viewed as a non-partisan exercise thereby instilling public confidence in the process and outcomes.

It is of utmost important that such a redelination exercise must be undertaken in an environment of public trust. The exercise must be viewed by all parties as transparent, just and fair with no political advantage for any one political party or group, noting the democratic principle of one citizen - one vote principle.

In this proposed exercise it seems that the size of the constituency matters as some of the urban parliamentary constituencies are extremely large in contrast to the rural and semi urban seats. This matter must be urgently reviewed so as to ensure that the citizens’ democratic rights are well protected.

PROHAM notes the stipulated period for review and objections is an open one. It calls on political parties and citizen groups to organise parliamentary and state level talks and reviews seeking an active voter participation in this process. This can enhance voter education and active citizen participation in the objection and public hearing process.

Additionally, PROHAM calls on the Election Commission to undertake some proactive public awareness sessions with the registered voters at the affected parliamentary and state level before the end of the objection period. This could reduce the level of distrust and scepticism in the public discussions and redelination exercise.
PROHAM encourages an active citizenry participation in this exercise by in-depth review and filling of objections so as to enhance parliamentary democracy.

Issue on behalf of PROHAM by Datuk Kuthubul Zaman (PROHAM Chair),  Datuk Dr Denison Jayasooria (PROHAM Secretary General) & Tan Sri Ramon Navaratnam (PROHAM Member).

September 22, 2016

Tuesday, 16 August 2016

Capacity Building for UPR Monitoring

Mr Henry Koh (Proham volunteer, PROHAM Secretariat) highlights some aspects of the recently organised training focusing on ESCR issues

On 11 August 2015, PROHAM & EMPOWER organized a training on Universal Periodic Review (UPR) monitoring at Brickfields Asia College PJ Campus.

As the civil society plays a pivotal role during the UPR process, this training was designed for members of civil society, human rights defenders and volunteers who want to play a role in monitoring human rights issues and concerns in Malaysia. The training focused on the capacity building of civil society organisations (CSOs) in documentation of human rights conditions/violations in Malaysia for the next cycle of UPR in 2018. This session is specifically focused on the theme of Economic and Socio-Cultural Rights (ESCR) frameworks.

More than 50 participants joined us for the training – made up of CSOs of diverse rights groups, members of the Malaysian Bar Council, Coalition of Malaysian NGOs (COMANGO), human rights defenders, lawyers, researchers and law students. Among our participants, some of them have already previously worked on the UPR submissions and monitoring/documentation process; while some younger organisations would like to benefit from the training in order to play an active role in the upcoming UPR cycle of Malaysia.

The first session started off with Dr. Lin Mui Kiang (UN Consultant and PROHAM Secretariat) explaining the formation of the UPR process. 

Dr. Lin gave an introduction on the history of the UN, Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), International human rights mechanism and conventions that subsequently led to the creation of the UPR; under the direction of the new Human Rights Council back in 2006. It was also noted that Malaysia’s ranking is low among member states in ASEAN, OIC, NAM, UN and the Commonwealth Nations. Out of 9 international human rights covenants/conventions, Malaysia is only a signatory of 3 conventions; such as CEDAW, Convention on the Rights of the Child and Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Dr. Lin continued to explain on the interdependency between sustainable development and human rights. Thus, the UPR was established when the Human Rights Council was created in 2006 during the UN General Assembly. The UN Human Rights Council was mandated to undertake a universal periodic review, based on objectives obligations and commitments in a manner which ensures universality of coverage and equal treatment with respect to all member states.

For the very first time, the UN Human Rights Council provides an opportunity for all States to declare actions they have taken to improve the human rights situations in their countries and to overcome challenges to the enjoyment of human rights through the UPR process. The UPR mechanism provides a platform for the sharing of best human rights practices around the globe. In this regard, the monitoring of CSOs and grass-root NGOs on reporting what is the actual human rights situation on the ground is extremely important in the submission of the national report during the review. Hence, it is crucial for Malaysian CSOs to be fully equipped with a working knowledge of UPR monitoring and submissions.

The advocacy and documentation officer of EMPOWER, Mr. Rizal Rohan then continued on the second session on the dissemination of Malaysia’s past UPR process and reports. 

As a co-secretariat of COMANGO along with SUARAM, EMPOWER have been actively involved in producing stakeholder reports, UN submissions as well as the mid-term review report on for the upcoming UPR in 2018. The participants were briefed on the methodologies on documenting the human rights situation according to the UPR format. In the process of doing so, Rizal explained on how can the key actors intervene better during the UPR monitoring process. He also stressed on the importance of not neglecting the implementation process after the review because that will be the appropriate period where changes are made in the states under review. For example, sometimes the CSOs focused too much on the review but neglected the implementation process.

Rizal further illustrated his points by referring to the current mid-term report prepared by COMANGO (with EMPOWER and SUARAM). It is also noted that some cases were thrown out due to technical issues. Furthermore, while the government is a signatory of certain international rights conventions such as CEDAW, there has been no tangible signs of commitment on behalf of the government in implementing those conventions so far. Rizal also encouraged the participants and local NGOs who have not joined COMANGO to do so in forming a stronger and unified human rights coalition during and after the UPR process. COMANGO will then prioritize issues at higher stake and group them together before moving on to build a good strategy in addressing them.

During the third session, Datuk Dr. Denison Jayasooria provided his expertise on the specifics aspects of ESCR monitoring. Dr. Denison gave a good insight on the technicalities of monitoring ESCR issues through his extensive academic researches, publications and practical experiences in doing so. He has interviewed many different parties involved or affected by the inequalities of ESCR issues throughout Malaysia. 

He further illustrated how certain sustainable programmes are affected when a state funded programme such as BR1M interrupted the funds meant for better ESCR sustainability programmes. Such a contrasting situation does not allow the symbiotic relationship between tackling ESCR issues and the sustainability in doing so – resulting in a non-reliable mechanism in the long run. Dr. Denison also encouraged certain NGO groups not to be disheartened when recommendations made were not accepted  as there are other avenues to be used as an entry point to slowly address and champion for the human rights matters that are being ignored at the moment.

In the closing for the training session, 

Datuk Khutubul Zaman delivered his speech on the reflection of the current human rights situation in Malaysia. 

He further encouraged the participants to continue to play a proactive role in safeguarding the equality and human rights for everyone in this nation. 

With the training session, all participants hope to work toward a more affective human rights monitoring mechanism through the UPR process and implementation.

Sunday, 7 August 2016

UPR Monitoring Training (Organised by PROHAM)

Date: 11 August 2016

Venue: Birmingham Room, Floor 3A, Block 2, Brickfields Asia College PJ Campus (VSQ Building), Jalan Utara, 46200 Section 14, Selangor.

Programme Agenda:

2:30pm - Registration

3:00pm - Introductions

3:30 to 4:30pm - Understanding the UPR process - Dr. Lin Mui Kiang (Former United Nations Coordination Specialist / PROHAM)

4:30 to 5:30pm - Review of past monitoring and reports - Mr. Rizal Rozhan (Advocacy and Documentation Office, EMPOWER)

5:30 to 6:30pm - Specific aspects of Eco Soc Cultural R rights monitoring - Datuk Dr. Denison Jayasooria (PROHAM / KITA-UKM)

6:30pm - Concluding reflections by Datuk Khutubul Zaman (PROHAM)

7:00pm - Dinner

Participation by registration only. Email -

Saturday, 30 July 2016


Our parliamentary democracy is built on the principle of ‘check and balance’ of the executive who have been elected by the people. Independent institutions have the role of preventing abuse of power in public office and taking appropriate action on wrong doers.  Public accountability and good governance are an integral part of human rights and citizens action which is guaranteed by our Federal Constitution.

Malaysian policies and legislation has established independent mechanisms which have a public duty to save guard and protect public interest. These institutions include the Attorney General, the Auditor General, the Inspector General of Police, the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Agency, the Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (SUHAKAM), Enforcement Agency Integrity Commission (EAIC) and the Parliamentary Accounts Committee. They are to undertake independent monitoring, investigation, inquiry, and assessment and identify wrong doers who are then must be prosecuted.     
PROHAM recognises that action or in action by the executive is weakening both parliamentary democracy and good governance in Malaysian society. Collective action is urgently needed to reverse this trend in the public interest.

As we reflect on three current issues in Malaysian society, PROHAM is deeply concerned for the state of democracy, human rights and public accountability in Malaysia society.

First, the civil action by the Department of Justice in the United States on July 20, 2016 raises questions to why similar actions were not undertaken by our national institutions which had been undertaking different enquires. The US DoJ has filed a civil lawsuit seeking to seize assets that it claims were embezzled from 1Malaysia Development Berhad by certain individuals who have been named.

In contrast, the authorities in Malaysia are yet to take action on Datuk Shahrol Azral, the former CEO of 1MDB who had been singled out by the Parliamentary Accounts Committee as per the PAC report (2016:pg 105) which was released on April 7, 2016. Follow up action to the PAC report is urgently needed to restore public confidence and bring wrong doers to justice.

Second, the coming to effect of the National Security Council Act and its provisions have major restrictions to human rights in security areas. This too further enhances executive powers. There are already sufficient laws to ensure the safety and security of the nation.

Third, the proposed amendments to the Legal Profession Act 1976 will greatly impact the independence of the Malaysian Bar. This too is viewed as restricting fundamental rights to voice out the abuses by the executive.

PROHAM calls on the Malaysian executive to adhere to international governance standards and compliance to fundamental liberties. An immediate stop must be put on any action or inaction which will compromise the integrity of the independent institutions. Failure to do this will see a further erosion of public confidence both nationally and globally of the current administration of Malaysia.  

Issued on behalf of PROHAM by Datuk Kuthbul Zaman (PROHAM Chair) & Datuk Dr Denison Jayasooria (PROHAM Secretary General).

July 30, 2016

Friday, 29 July 2016

OHCHR concerned by the entry into force in Malaysia of the National Security Council (NSC) Act on 1 August

The UN Human Rights Office for South-East Asia (OHCHR) said on Friday it
was concerned by the entry into force in Malaysia of the National Security
Council (NSC) Act which gives the Prime Minister sweeping security powers
and could restrict civil liberties.

The Act, which comes into effect on 1 August, establishes a National
Security Council to handle matters related to national security and will be
headed by Prime Minister Najib Razak. Through the Act, the Prime Minister
will have the power to declare, upon the advice of the NSC, a “security
area”, defined as being a location “seriously disturbed or threatened by
any person, matter or thing which causes or is likely to cause serious harm
to the people of Malaysia, or serious harm to the territories, economy,
national key infrastructure of Malaysia or any other interest of Malaysia”.
The declaration is valid for up to 6 months, and can be renewed an infinite
number of times.

Forces operating in a “security area” will be given sweeping powers,
including the capability to arrest and search persons, enter and search
premises, and seize property without a warrant. Furthermore, they will be
allowed to use force against persons, including force amounting to death,
as they deem reasonable and necessary in the circumstances “to preserve
national security”. Moreover, the Act grants immunity to members of
security forces and personnel of other Government entities for their acts
in any “security area”.

“These provisions run counter to the requirement to investigate wrongdoing
and hold institutions and their personnel accountable in the case of human
rights violations,” said Laurent Meillan, OHCHR’s acting regional
representative in Bangkok. “We are gravely concerned that the immunity
provisions in the Act may encourage human rights violations.”

Meillan expressed concern that the Act could also be used to impose unjust
restrictions on freedom of opinion and expression and freedom of assembly.
“We call on the Government to revise the Act to bring it in line with
international human rights norms and standards. Furthermore, we encourage
the Government to allow for an open and transparent consultation process on
the provisions in the Act with all relevant stakeholders,” he said.

* The National Security Council Bill 2015 was presented in Parliament on 1
December 2015. It was passed by the Lower House on 3 December 2015 and the
Upper House on 22 December 2015.

Saturday, 2 July 2016


Date:                           August 11 (Thursday)

Time:                           2.30pm – 7pm

Venue:                         Brickfields Asia College, PJ campus

Admission                   Free & we invite human rights volunteers who like to play a role in monitoring human rights issues and concerns in Malaysia

The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a peer review system introduced by the United Nations where every member state will undergo review of its human rights situation. Malaysia underwent the UPR in 2009 and more recently in Oct 2013.

Join us and get to know how best to be part of this process of monitoring human rights in Malaysia. This is a good opportunity to be better equipped with the know-how, process, previous reports and future possibilities.


To build-capacity of CSOs to do monitoring and documentations of human rights conditions/violation in Malaysia, to prepare for UPR.

To focus specifically on the theme of Economic and Socio-Cultural Rights (ESCR).


2.30 pm                       Registration & refreshments - running tea/coffee/water

3pm                             Introductions

3.30 to 4.30pm            Understanding the UPR process- Dr Lin Mui Kiang (Former United Nations Coordination Specialist / PROHAM)

4.30 to 5.30pm            Review of past monitoring and reports- Mr Rizal Rozhan (Advocacy and Documentation Officer, EMPOWER

5.30 to 6.30 pm           Specific aspects of ESCR monitoring- Datuk Dr Denison Jayasooria (PROHAM /KITA-UKM

6.30pm                        Concluding reflections

7pm                             Dinner

Register by August 5, 2016 and with   PROHAM -  

& Mr Koh Henry- Email :